Wars of the Roses: the UK’s 10 best heritage sites

The Wars of the Roses were a series of bitter conflicts that tore apart England and Wales during the late middle ages, killing tens of thousands of people, sending the crown bouncing back and forth between the houses of Lancaster and York – and eventually leading to the collapse of the Plantagenet dynasty and the rise of the Tudors. telegraph.co.uk

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One of the most strikingly preserved fortresses in England, Bamburgh Castle sits on a windswept headland in Northumberland

Read more from Dan Jones, author of The Hollow Crown.

16 Key Figures in the Wars of the Roses

The Wars of the Roses was a bloody contest for the throne of England, a civil war fought out between the rival houses of York – whose symbol was the white rose – and Lancaster – whose symbol was the red rose – throughout the second half of the 15th century.

After 30 years of political manipulation, horrific carnage and brief periods of peace, the wars ended and a new royal dynasty emerged: the Tudors. HistoryHit.com

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Read more to discover 16 key figures from the wars.

The World of Medieval Dogdom

The people of medieval Europe were devoted to their dogs; one great French dog-lover declared that the greatest defect of the species was that they ‘lived not long enough’.

Tacuinum Sanitatis. 14th century. Medieval handbook of health. Lupins. Folio 51v.
Detail from Tacuinum Sanitatis, 14th century medieval handbook of health.

The later middle ages, and the years immediately following, were one of the most ‘doggy’ periods in history. Hunting and hawking were by far the most popular sports of the leisured classes, who also liked keeping dogs simply as pets; and the rest of the population used them for protection and herding. Performing dogs were much admired, and people loved to hear fabulous yarns of the extraordinary fidelity and intelligence of dogs. historytoday.com

Read more …

 

The Merriam-Webster of Medieval Irish Just Got a Major Update

A tiny group of scholars added 500 words and made 5,000 revisions to the Dictionary of the Irish Language. AtlasObscura.com

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Updating the lexicon of a thousand-year-old language may seem like a foolish task for anyone living in the 21st century. But understanding the words medieval people used offers insight into the lives they lived—how they behaved, what they believed, and how they saw the world, says Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, a medievalist at Cambridge, who worked with Arbuthnot, in a press release.

Read more ….

The Hereford Cathedral Chained Library: A unique survivor

Visitors come to Hereford Cathedral each year to wonder at one of the world’s greatest Medieval works – the Mappa Mundi. But this visit offers another unique treasure – The Chained Library.

Here 229 Medieval manuscripts including the 8th century Hereford Gospel and books from later centuries are preserved, each chained for security to the library shelves as they were in the 17th century. While such libraries previously existed throughout Europe only the Hereford Chained Library has survived.

In this programme the Cathedral’s librarian Dr Rosemary Firman takes us on a tour and tells its story. historywm.com

19 minutes