Eat Sh*t and (Don’t) Die

Medical procedures in a 12th century manuscript. British Library MS Harley 1585  fol. 9 

Sometimes, when we get sick, it can feel like we’d do anything to get better. But what if the remedy we needed required us to swallow animal dung?

The use of animal dung in medicine is not new to us, nor would it have been to people in the medieval world. It also wasn’t exclusive to Europe, and (believe it or not) using dung to solve our problems still hasn’t completely gone out of fashion.

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Thousands of medieval manuscripts now online in full color through digitization project

From tattoos to video games to Game of Thrones, medieval iconography has long inspired fascination, imitation and veneration. Now, thousands of original medieval manuscript and early modern images are available for free online, for scholars and aficionados to search, download and study.

Medieval manuscript at Lehigh University. Credit:Christa Neu/Lehigh University

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Divided Loyalties in the Medieval World

To whom should one pledge fealty? Lord, king, brother or nation?

Jo Johnson, the younger brother of the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, recently blamed divided loyalties for his resignation as Cabinet minister and MP. Citing ‘unresolvable tension’ between family loyalty and the national interest, he found the time had come to quit his governmental roles. David Gauke, one of those to have recently lost the Conservative Party whip, admitted that many MPs have had to ‘wrestle with conflicting loyalties’ in the past few months, as Brexit rips a hole through traditional ties of party and family.
Miniature showing a battle, from ‘The Book of Feats of Arms and of Chivalry’, by Christine de Pisan, French, 1434.© Bridgeman Images

9 medieval battles more significant than Agincourt

It is more than 600 years since Henry V led England to victory at the battle of Agincourt on 25 October 1415, defeating a French army significantly bigger than his own. But despite deservedly being one of the most famous battles of the Middle Ages, Agincourt is not necessarily one of the most significant of the era, argues medieval warfare expert Dr Sean McGlynn. Here are 9 important medieval battles, from the battle of Hastings in 1066 to the battle of Bosworth in 1485…

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